The configuration file
Before you can use your blog you must edit its configuration file and set the basic settings (like where Drukkar is installed, what are your blog's title and URL, what password will be used to add and edit blog entries, etc.) correctly. The configuration file is named
config.xml and can be found in Drukkar's main directory; it stores all the settings for your blog in XML format. The comments inside explain what each setting means.
The bare minimum needed to run Drukkar on the public web is to make sure the variable
base_location contains a correct value and
password is changed from the default.
For you to be able to use
edit.php to create and edit blog entries your web server's *nix user must have write permissions for your directory (
entries by default). To upload files it must have write access to
files. The same applies to being able to use
If you are getting write errors when viewing your blog, editing entries or uploading files and can't give your web server's user write access to your entries, files and cache directories from the command line or through your FTP/SFTP client (that is to say, you're not allowed to
chmod those directories) do the following:
- Remove the
cache subdirectories from your Drukkar directory (e.g.,
drukkar-dir) on the server.
- Give everyone temporary write access to that directory (e.g., through
chmod a+w drukkar-dir ). Note that you should give write access only to the directory itself; permissions on its files don't matter. This will allow your web server to create subdirectories that belong to its user.
- Recreate entries, files and cache subdirectories using
makedirs.php. To do so access
http://example.com/drukkar-dir/makedirs.php with your browser.
- Revoke write access from the Drukkar directory (e.g.,
chmod a-w drukkar-dir)
- Place appropriate
.htaccess files in the subdirectories.
Managing blog entries
Let's assume you've installed Drukkar under
http://example.com/drukkar-location/. To add, edit or delete entries go to
http://example.com/drukkar-location/edit.php. To manage files, both attachments and the XML files that contain blog entries, go to
http://example.com/drukkar-location/files.php. The default password is "password" (without the quotes). Note that when you delete an entry the files you uploaded when you created it aren't gone; you have to delete them manually.
Some nuances and details
Each blog entry can have one or more tags attached to it that indicated what this entry is about (e.g., you can have tags like "business", "cooking", "TI-89", "April 2013 report"). The tags an entry has are displayed underneath its text and are links. Your users will be able to list all entries that have a certain tag by clicking on that tag. You can add tags to an entry by putting them in the "Tags" field when using
edit.php, one per line.
Entries that are hidden and excluded from listing
Two tags have special meanings,
_hidden. You can use them to hide certain blog entries from the public in two distinct ways for different purposes.
An entry marked as "excluded" won't be show up on the main page of your blog but can still be found through full text search or by looking up entries with a tag it has. This feature is useful to keep some entries away from your main page (e.g., special pages like "About Us" and "Contact"). To mark an entry as excluded add the tag
_excluded (with the underscore) to its tag list.
Hidden entries are more private. To mark an entry as hidden add
_hidden to its tags. A hidden entry can only be viewed by someone who got a direct link to it. Hidden entries don't show up in search.
Users can't get the list of entries tagged
_hidden and they don't show up in the tags list when viewing an excluded or a hidden entry.
First, to have the correct local date and time displayed under your blog posts and in your RSS feed set the value of
config.xml to your local time zone (the default is UTC/GMT). Consult this list of time zones for all possible values you can use.
To make Drukkar's messages appear in your language of choice you need a localization file. If you can't find one for your language you can create one with relative ease. Once you've got the file you'll need to change the locale setting in
First, look into the /inc directory of your Drukkar installation and see if there is a file named loc_xx.php where xx is the two-letter code for your language. If there is one you can skip the following step.
If you can't find a localization file for your language you can create one by copying
/inc/loc_en.php into a new file named
xx is the two-letter code for your language). Proceed to translate the strings in
loc_xx.php into your language. Take note of the
%s symbols that occur in strings. These symbols are substituted for file names in messages displayed to the user; do not remove them.
When that's done change the
locale value in
config.xml to your language's code and see if everything works properly.
Make sure to submit your translation to the Drukkar project to help out other users who speak your language.
By default Drukkar sends your password in plaintext. In order to access
files.php securely you need to set up SSL (HTTPS) support on your server.
Make sure to specify
config.xml to make it much harder to crack your password if its hash gets leaked.
You are now ready to make your own blog with Drukkar.